|Tuesday, 11 November 2008 09:32|
Born: September 24, 1902, Khomein, Markazi Province, Persian Empire
Died: June 3, 1989, Tehran, Iran
Cause of death: Heart attack.
Notable because: Time magazines 'Man of the year' 1979 and one of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century. Enjoyed a diet of onions and yoghurt. Pronounced the Fatwa on Salman Rushdie. Led Iran through the war with Iraq - 1980 - 1988, where almost 1 million died - some in pursuit of THE PARADISE KEY. Supported female genital mutilation for Sudanese Muslim girls and the public ritual stoning to death of women accused of adultery. Brought Sharia law to Iran with his belief that "Allah did not create man so that he could have fun. The aim of creation was for mankind to be put to the test through hardship and prayer." Married an 11 year old Batoul Saqafi Khomeini. Killed a multitude in Allahs name.
Ruhollah Khomeini was an Iranian religious leader and scholar, politician, and leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution which saw the overthrow of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran. Following the revolution and a national referendum, Khomeini became the country's Supreme Leader—a position created in the constitution as the highest ranking political and religious authority of the nation, until his death.
Khomeini was a marja or marja al-taqlid, ("source of emulation"), (also known as a Grand Ayatollah) in Twelver Shi'a Islam, but is most famous for his political role. In his writings and preachings he expanded the Usuli theory of velayat-e faqih, the "guardianship of the jurisconsult (clerical authority)" to include theocratic political rule by Islamic jurists and to provide the theological basis for his rule of Iran. Internationally he also made a great impact, and has been called "the virtual face of Islam in Western popular culture," during his reign as ruler of Iran. He was named Time's Man of the Year in 1979 and also one of Time magazine's 100 most influential people of the 20th century.
Beloved by many Iranians, both his return from exile and funeral were the occasion for emotional outpouring by millions of Iranians. A controversial figure, Khomeini is remembered by some as "the pre-eminent figure of recent Islamic history", the magnitude of whose "achievement" is such that it has "discouraged potential biographers" and by others as one who ordered a "bloodbath" of thousands of Iranian militants and other political prisoners as a means of purging "moderates" from his government and so protect his legacy from a "détente with the West."
Khomeini is usually known as "Imam Khomeini" inside Iran and "Ayatollah Khomeini" outside of Iran.
|Last Updated on Tuesday, 02 December 2008 15:22|