|Thursday, 23 October 2008 09:35|
Born: December 23, 1805 Sharon, Vermont
Died: June 27, 1844 Carthage, Illinois
Cause of death: Assassination
Notable because: The Angel Moroni told him where the gold was. He found the gold plates. Contentiously he took money to translate the plates. This explained the American connection of Jesus, enabling Joseph to form a church allowing polygamy. His wife, Emma Smith, denied her husband had extra wives, however he had around thirty, two of whom were 14 and one third, teenagers. Gave the world 'magic pants.' Gave South Park a stunning episode. 'Dumb dumb dumb dumb dumb.'
Joseph Smith, Jr. was the founder of the Latter Day Saint movement, also known as Mormonism, and an important religious and political figure in the United States during the 1830s and 1840s. In 1827, Smith began to gather a religious following after announcing that an angel had shown him a set of golden plates describing a visit of Jesus to the indigenous peoples of the Americas. In 1830, Smith published what he said was a translation of these plates as the Book of Mormon. The same year he organized a new church, which he called the Church of Christ.
During most of the 1830s, Smith lived in Kirtland, Ohio, which remained the headquarters of the church until the collapse of the Kirtland Safety Society encouraged him to gather the church to the Latter Day Saint settlement in Missouri. There, tensions between church members and non-Mormons escalated into the 1838 Mormon War, leading to Smith's imprisonment and an executive order by the Missouri governor that effectively expelled Latter Day Saints from the state. After escaping from custody, Smith and his followers settled in Nauvoo, Illinois.
There he was accused of aspiring to create a theocracy and of practicing polygamy, which he publicly denied. He ran for President of the United States in 1844, and during the campaign, his part in the Nauvoo City Council's decision to suppress a newspaper that had published accusations against Smith led to his assassination by a mob of non-Mormons.
Joseph Smith's legacy includes several religious denominations with adherents numbering in the millions, denominations that share a belief in Jesus but that vary in their acceptance of each other and of traditional Christianity. Smith's followers consider him a prophet and believe that some of his revelations are sacred texts on par with the Bible.
Emma Hale Smith. Although Joseph Smith probably married at least twenty-seven other women, throughout her life, and even on her deathbed, Emma Smith denied that her husband had ever practiced polygamy.
|Last Updated on Tuesday, 02 December 2008 15:24|