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Monday, 03 November 2008 13:36

J. Edgar Hoover

John Edgar Hoover

Born: January 1, 1895, Washington, D.C.

Died: May 2, 1972, Washington, D.C.

Age: 77

Cause of death: High blood pressure.

Notable because: First director of the FBI. Widely repeated rumors that Mafia evidence of his cross dressing, closet homosexual ways, is the reason he failed to pursue organized crime targets.

 

 J. Edgar Hoover was the first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) of the United States. Appointed director of the Bureau of Investigation—predecessor to the FBI—in 1924, he was instrumental in founding the FBI in 1935, where he remained director until his death in 1972. Hoover is credited with building the FBI into a large and efficient crime-fighting agency, and with instituting a number of modern innovations to police technology, such as a centralized fingerprint file and forensic laboratories.

Hoover was highly regarded by much of the U.S. public, but throughout his career and after his death he became an increasingly controversial figure. His many critics assert that he abused his power and exceeded the jurisdiction of the FBI. He is known to have used the FBI to harass political dissenters and activists, to have amassed secret files on political leaders and to have used illegal methods to collect evidence. It is because of Hoover's long and controversial reign that FBI directors are now limited to 10-year terms

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Last Updated on Tuesday, 02 December 2008 15:48
 

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