|Thursday, 30 October 2008 10:42|
Hubert Henry Harrison
Born: April 27, 1883, Estate Concordia, St. Croix, Danish West Indies (now U.S. Virgin Islands)
Died: December 17, 1927, New York, NY, USA
Cause of death: Apendix related illness.
Notable because: Important Black activist who influenced many minds. Wrote 'The Black Mans Burden' which is listed below.
Hubert Harrison was a Harlem-based writer, orator, educator, critic, and radical political activist was described by the activist A. Philip Randolph as “the father of Harlem radicalism” and by the historian Joel Augustus Rogers as “the foremost Afro-American intellect of his time.”
Harrison uniquely played significant roles in the largest class radical and the largest race radical movements of his era. From 1912-1914 he was the leading Black organizer, agitator, and theoretician in the Socialist Party of America and in 1917 he founded the Liberty League and the The Voice, the first organization and the first newspaper of the militant, race conscious “New Negro” movement. From his Liberty League and Voice came the core leadership individuals and race conscious program of the Garvey (Marcus Garvey) movement.
Harrison was a seminal and influential thinker who encouraged the development of class consciousness among working people, anti white-supremacist race consciousness among Black people, secular humanism, modern thinking, and a critical intellectual independence. He was also a self-described "radical internationalist" who advocated that African Americans develop ties with Caribbean, African, Latin, Asian, and Arab peoples and who contributed significantly to the Caribbean radical tradition. He profoundly influenced a generation of “New Negro” militants including A. Philip Randolph, Chandler Owen, Marcus Garvey, Richard Benjamin Moore, W. A. Domingo, Williana Burroughs, and Cyril Briggs. His biographer Jeffrey B. Perry writes that, among the African American leaders of his era, Harrison was “the most class conscious of the race radicals and the most race conscious of the class radicals” and he emphasizes that Harrison is a key unifying link between two major trends of African American struggle--the labor/civil rights trend (identified with Randolph and Owen and later, with Martin Luther King, Jr.) and the race/nationalist trend (identified with Garvey, and later with Malcolm X).
|Last Updated on Tuesday, 02 December 2008 15:49|