|Thursday, 23 October 2008 08:36|
Born: December 26 1893, Hunan, Chinese Empire
Died: September 9, 1976, Beijing, People's Republic of China
Cause of death: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS or Lou Gehrig's Disease)
Notable because: At one time controlled one quarter of the earths population and is one of the most remarkable personalities of the 20th century. Maybe responsible for more deaths in his own lifetime than any other individual. A heavy smoker. 'Lennon wrote of him 'If you go carrying pictures of chairman Mao, you aint gonna make it with anyone anyhow' thereby articulating widespread disgust for Mao's ways in the civilized world.
Mao was an infinitely complex man-- by turns shrewd and realistic, then impatient and a romantic dreamer, an individualist but also a strict disciplinarian. His motives seemed a mixture of the humanitarian and the totalitarian. He himself once commented that he was "part monkey, part tiger," and was riven with the same contradictions he was fond of analyzing in the world around him.
Mao Tse Tung was a Chinese military and political leader who led the Communist Party of China (CPC) to victory against the Kuomintang (KMT) in the Chinese Civil War, and was the leader of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976. Regarded as one of the most important figures in modern world history, and named by Time Magazine as one of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century, Mao remains a controversial figure to this day. He is generally held in high regard in mainland China where he is often portrayed as a great revolutionary and strategist who eventually defeated Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek in the Chinese Civil War and transformed the country into a major power through his policies.
However, many of Mao's socio-political programs, such as the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution, are blamed by critics from both within and outside China for causing severe damage to the culture, society, economy, and foreign relations of China, as well as a probable death toll in the tens of millions.Although still officially venerated in China, his influence has been largely overshadowed by the political and economic reforms of Deng Xiaoping and other leaders since his death.Mao is also recognized as a poet and calligrapher.
'Out of Barrel of a Gun'
One of his most-quoted speeches came in 1938:
"Every Communist must grasp the truth: 'Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun.' Our principle is that the party commands the gun, and the gun will never be allowed to command the party. But it is also true that with guns at our disposal we can really build up the party organization."
Mao initially followed a traditional Soviet program of land redistribution and heavy industrialization and was re-elected chair of the CCP by the first National People's Congress in 1954. However, from 1956, after the Soviet condemnation of Stalin, he launched a ‘let a hundred flowers bloom’ campaign (the Hundred Flowers campaign) in which criticisms were raised of the power of the new bureaucracy and he began to reject the emphasis on development through heavy industries. In 1958-62 Mao introduced a series of sweeping economic changes under his second five-year plan. The aim of this programme, known as the Great Leap Forward, was to restructure the economy and polity along communist lines, and to this end Mao created large new agro-industrial communes, which were also designed to end the traditional divide between town and country and act as local political units. The Great Leap Forward eventually collapsed, chiefly because of poor planning, and effectively led to the deaths of over 20 million people from famine, as well as to Mao's own resignation as state president in 1959 and his replacement by the more moderate Liu Shaoqi.
Manufacturer: China Books & Periodicals Inc.
Amazon Price: $11.95
Offers - Buy New From: $10.81 Used From: $8.46
Editorial Review: This collection of quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-Tung forms an intriguing series of political ideas – all from one of the world’s most notorious leaders. Chairman Mao was born in 1893, and was the founding father of the People’s Republic of China. He governed the country from its establishment in 1949 until his death. He is, of course, a deeply controversial figure yet a highly important individual in world history. There are as many who celebrate as deplore him; most of the former praising his modernisations and improvements in housing, health care and education, whilst others have labelled him a dictator who has systematically abused human rights and caused the death of millions through starvation, executions and forced labour. This text forms the thoughts of Chairman Mao Tse-Tung on issues as varied as ‘the communist party’, ‘classes and class struggle’, ‘socialism and communism’, ‘women’, ‘the correct handling of contradictions among the people’, ‘war and peace’, ‘the people’s war’, ‘political work’ and the ‘relations between officers and men.’
Manufacturer: BN Publishing
Amazon Price: $6.75
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Editorial Review: The book is written in the context of China's guerrilla war against Japanese occupiers; this conflict is mentioned often by Mao. In this book Mao discusses the differences between guerrilla and "orthodox" military forces, as well as how such forces can work together for a common goal. Other topics covered include propaganda and political concerns, the formation of guerrilla units, the qualities of a good guerrilla officer, discipline in a guerrilla army, and guerrilla bases.
Text: English (translation) Original Language: Chinese
Offers - Buy New From: $49.88 Used From: $3.25
Editorial Review: "In 1937 Mao...wrote a succinct pamphlet that has become one of the most influential documents of our time....the first systematic analysis of guerilla warfare...The widespread applicability of Mao's doctrine stems from his realization of the fundamental disparity between the agrarian, peasant-based society of China and that of pre-revolutionary Russia, or any urban society....he had to employ tactics and appeals appropriate to the peasant."
Editorial Review: QUOTATIONS FROM CHAIRMAN MAO TSE-TUNG contains an active content that facilitates navigation between chapters.
The Little Red Book (official title Quotations from Chairman Mao tse-tung Chinese: 毛主席语录; pinyin: Máo zhǔxí yǔlù) is a book of the sayings of Mao tse-tung.
It was put out by the Government of the People's Republic of China from April 1964 until about 1976. The book is a collection of quotations taken from Mao Zedong's speeches and books. Its popular title The Little Red Book describes its size and appearance: it was specially designed for easy carrying.
Offers - Buy New From: $9.99 Used From: $12.89
Editorial Review: Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-Tung (simplified Chinese/English), is a book of selected statements from speeches and writings by Mao Zedong, the former leader of Chinese Communist Party, published from 1964 to about 1976 and widely distributed during the Cultural Revolution. The most popular versions were printed in small sizes that could be easily carried and were bound in bright red covers, becoming commonly known in the West as The Little Red Book. It is one of the most printed books in history.[1
|Last Updated on Tuesday, 05 January 2010 18:21|